Tendinitis Symptoms And Treatment

A common condition affecting the tendons, the thick fibrous cords connecting muscles to bones, is known as tendinitis. The condition occurs when the tendons become inflamed and irritated, often due to overuse or injury. Tendinitis can be debilitating and painful, making performing everyday activities difficult. In severe cases, surgery may be required to repair the damaged tendon. Awareness of the signs and symptoms of tendinitis can ensure a prompt diagnosis and successful treatment.


1. Pain

The most common symptom of tendinitis is pain. The pain can be dull and achy or sharp and stabbing and is often felt where the tendon attaches to the bone. The discomfort can be worse with movement or activity. The intensity of the pain can vary from person to person and can range from mild discomfort to severe pain. The pain may also be accompanied by a burning or throbbing sensation in the affected area.

2. Swelling

Another common symptom of tendinitis is swelling, which can be seen as a visible lump or bump and is often accompanied by redness and warmth to the touch. The swollen area may also be tender to the touch. The swelling may be caused by inflammation and fluid accumulation in the affected area. Swelling can also lead to stiffness and a limited range of motion (ROM) in the affected joint.

3. Stiffness

Tendinitis can also cause stiffness in the affected joint. The stiffness can make moving or bending the joint difficult and may cause a creaking or crackling sound when the joint is moved. The stiffness is usually worse in the morning or after sitting for a long period of time and can improve with movement. In some cases, the stiffness may persist even after the inflammation has subsided.

4. Weakness

Tendinitis can also cause weakness in the affected muscle or joint. The weakness can make everyday tasks, such as lifting objects or climbing stairs, difficult. The weakness may be caused by inflammation and irritation of the tendon, leading to muscle wasting and a loss of muscle strength. Muscle or joint weakness can also lead to difficulty maintaining balance and coordination, increasing the risk of falls and accidents.

How is tendonitis treated?

Although each patient is unique, tendinitis treatment typically includes rest, ice, physical therapy (PT), and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce pain and inflammation. In some cases, surgery may be required to repair the damaged tendon. Tendon repair surgery is typically performed by an orthopedic surgeon and involves making an incision in the affected area to repair the damaged tendon.

Personalized recovery plan

Following tendon repair surgery, the recovery time can vary depending on the severity of the injury and the type of surgery performed. Physical therapy and rehabilitation are often recommended after surgery to help restore strength, ROM, and function to the affected joint. Individuals must also follow preventative measures to avoid additional damage.

Rebuilding strength

Individuals experiencing any signs and symptoms of tendinitis should seek medical attention as soon as possible. In severe cases, surgery may be required to repair the damaged tendon. With proper diagnosis and treatment, most people with tendinitis can recover and return to normal activities with non-surgical intervention.

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