Signs and symptoms
A sudden force, twist, or blow can cause a partial or complete tear. With age, repeated stress can also cause degenerative damage. In both cases, patients experience swelling, pain, and discomfort near the heel. Athletes often hear a pop in the lower heel for an acute injury before the pain and swelling. Bending the foot downward or placing weight on the heel will be near impossible.
It's time for repair
Most patients are candidates for minimally invasive surgery using small buttonhole incisions. The surgeon inserts a scope with a camera and light at the end. From there, the surgeon can use another small incision to insert tools to repair the tendon. The tendon is reattached to the heel, or parts of the degenerated tissue are removed. A donor's tendon is necessary to replace or strengthen the damaged Achilles in severe cases. The surgical site is closed with stitches, and the patient leaves the same day.
The road to recovery
Surgery is just the start. A good recovery regimen, including physical therapy, is crucial for recovery. A ruptured Achilles severely limits movement and requires a lengthy recovery, often 6 months or more. Immediately after surgery, the injured foot goes into a protective boot. For the first 2 weeks after surgery, both doctor and patient will focus on protecting and healing the wound.
Starting physical therapy
At the 2-week mark, the surgeon will assess the surgery and remove the stitches. If the surgical site is healing well, the doctor will approve physical therapy. The foot will stay in a special boot between treatment to keep the ankle and foot slightly elevated. Physical therapy starts with gradual, non-weight-bearing exercises and massage. The patient will also receive light exercises to strengthen the core, knees, and hips.
Stepping things up
After 4 weeks, the physical therapy will involve placing gradual weight on the leg. The walking boot is also adjusted so the patient can walk short distances. From 4-8 weeks, the physical therapy involves strengthening the calf muscles, hamstring, and core. Further exercises will help stabilize the ankle and help with the range of motion.
Removing the boot
Exercises increase in intensity leading up to the 3-month mark. Short walks or a stationary bike is possible based on the patient's progress. The physical therapist will focus on restoring the patient's gait. At this point, the patient should have a full range of motion and can gradually return to low-impact activities.
The end of the road
Between 3 to 6 months, the physical therapist will help strengthen and stabilize the leg. Most exercises will include walking on treadmills, elliptical machines, and sports-specific movements. Running, pivoting, or weight-bearing activities are all based on the individual's fitness level. A torn Achilles recovery tune varies from person to person. Building a solid relationship with the doctor and physical therapist team is essential to a full recovery.